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they use. households in such simple economies are almost completely self-sufficient. at the other end of the spectrum are highly complex economies in which people specialize in one particular job, like these shoe salesmen in morocco. specialization means people are no longer self-sufficient, but depend on each other. the shoe salesmen are dependent on the shoemakers, and the shoemakers are dependent on the tanners, and so on. this dependence on others makes society in general more complex, so specialization is a measure of society's overall complexity. archaeologists find evidence of specialization everywhere -- in the buildings and sculpture of ancient cities, and in crafts like elegant jade earrings, decorated pottery and even skulls with jade inlays in their teeth. these craft items were all made by specialists who worked at the ancient maya city of copan. between a.d. 400 and 800, this magnificent city flourished as one of the major centers of maya art and culture. copan was built in a broad mountain valley on the western border of honduras. at its height, the economic system of t
with us. here's a look at what is coming up today -- italy. a trip to a prison island. russia -- the desperate life of many orphans. france -- how architects want to improve life in the suburbs. first, to turkey and its relationship with religious minorities. some are officially recognized in turkey. jews, a greek orthodox, and armenian christians. the turkish government has made concessions to christian minorities, such as returning property confiscated a long time ago. churches, for example. that has given armenians in turkey in fresh confidence boost, but their situation remains difficult. ankara still refuses to recognize the genocide of armenians under ottoman rule 100 years ago. officially, there are some 60,000 armenians in turkey, but the numbers could be rising. in some parts of turkey, descendants of armenians are now rediscovering their identity. >> home to a population of more than 1 million, the city is situated on the turkey -- turkish/i iraqi border. it is the unofficial capital of turkey. but it was not always. between the many minuets that make up the skyline
'm talking now. when you use a musical instrument, you focus people's attention on the matter that you have at hand, and you entertain them. so you open them up emotionally. the music has a way of reaching people on a nonverbal, emotional level. [low hum and sticks clacking] [cultural music montage] [woman singing in native dialect] (man) we all have musical memories. they go back to our earliest childhood. they form a large part of how we feel about time. as our life unfolds, we connect the dots with musical memories very often. ♪ my momma told me, if i was good, ♪ so, in the personal sense, we stitch together our lives with music in a very direct way. [rock music] i don't think that most people can tell you where they were ten years ago, but if you sing a song from that summer, they can tell you exactly where they were, who they were dating, what car they were driving in, and the music can spark those kind of things. (narrator) musical memory can function at both the personal and cultural levels. while personal memory is unique to individuals, cultural memory is something that is shar
. please let us be free people. we lack of nothing except for a thirst for dignity. most syriane of refugees are lower as most agree the dignity cannily be restored if and when they return to a stable homeland. al-jazeera, turkey. >> massive anti-government protests continue in iraq. they are in the streets west of baghdad calling on the part minister to step down. let us go live to jay now right now in baghdad. these protests have been an ongoing. what's different this time around? >> this one was actually really quite interesting. these pictures we're searing is where the cleric called on turkey to embrace the sunni population. they have ruled the world before and it was time for them to step in. that is what the iraqi government has been warning about and what they have been saying. there is foreign influence in foreign intervention year. and is increasing the unrest we are seeing. in other places, they talk about the injustice inflicted on them. region and here in baghdad, there were all united under the same theme for the protest. they're basically telling the country that t
[moaning and chanting] >> well, janet, thank you very much for chanting for us. can i give you a hand? i know you aren't chanting - this is... welcome to another session of beliefs and believers. so could you give us a little background on the chant and what it means and what it is? >> the chant that i just did is a chant of gratitude, a prayer of gratitude to the lord patanjali, who gave to the people the yoga and the grammar and the medicines, so they would be healthy, well spoken, and have wisdom. >> well, thank you so much. as you can tell, what a wonderful way to start our first section on an outside world view that you may not be familiar with. we're of course looking at hinduism today in class, and we're going to be asking hinduism to help us understand experiential dimension. and since this is i think about the first time we've gone into that, let me just make that point once again - we're not going to pretend here- thanks again, janet - in a mere 60 minutes to learn, well, really, very much at all about hinduism, but there's so much hinduism can tell us about the exper
Search Results 0 to 4 of about 5